about armenia

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Religion

Armenia is the first Christian country of the world. In 301 in times of Trdat III the Armenians adopted Christianity as their official religion. Armenian Apostolic Church is one of the oldest national churches and belongs to the group of Eastern orthodox churches. Its centre is situated in Vagharshapat town of Armavir region, where Armenian Catholicosate was established in 1441. The spiritual head of the Armenian Apostolic Church is the Catholicos of All Armenians. The Armenian Church has 4 main spiritual headquarters: Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin, Holy See of Cilicia, Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem, Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople. Besides [...]

People and Language

The Armenians are the natives of Armenian highland, one of the creators of world civilization. A German scientist, Schliemann, back in time said that Europe’s misfortune lied in the fact that they had accepted the Greek civilization as the basis of their civilization and not the Armenian one. The Armenian nation is spread all over the world. According to the most unassuming estimates there are 13 million Armenians living in the world, not taking into consideration millions of Muslim and furtive Armenians living in present-day Turkey. The Armenians consider Hayk Nahapet to be their ancestor, thus the nation was named [...]

Cuisine

Armenian cuisine is diverse and varied. The nature of Armenia has rich flora and fauna, by which the diversity of Armenian cuisine and variety of dishes are conditioned. According to many investigators Armenian cuisine acted as a donor for other eastern nations’ cuisines. The singularity of Armenian cuisine also lies in the fact that connected with geographical environment in different provinces the same dishes have different tastes and compositions. The Armenians in general have both ritual and everyday cuisine. If the latest includes everyday dishes, the ritual one is unique and original. Each traditional holiday has its peculiar dishes. The [...]

History

The cradle of Armenian nation is the Armenian highland. The Armenians are one of the founders of the world civilization. First Armenian states were Aratta, Hayasa, Armenia-Shupria, Subbartu which date back to the 3rd millennium BC. But the first Armenian state that covered the whole Armenian highland was Ararat kingdom which was formed in the 9th century BC, which in historiography is known as Urartu.  Ararat kingdom was the strongest country of Western Asia. During Argishti I’s reign (786-764) the country flourished and became very strong. Argishtidefeated his major enemy Assyria, conquered the whole east and made his country prosper. [...]

Armenian Culture

The Armenian culture has a history of thousand years. Armenia being one of the developed countries of Southwest Asia, has served as a cultural donor for surrounding nations. Old myths, traditions, religious beliefs, materials discovered during archaeological excavations served as a source of information about old Armenian culture. Today a tourist can see more than 5000 historical monuments in Armenia. Only in the capital city, Yerevan, there are more than 40 museums and galleries. During Hellenism period the Armenian culture together with the country prospered to a great extent. Dozens of small and large towns were built; material culture, arts, [...]

General Information

   The Republic of Armenia is a country in Southern Caucasus. The country covers 29.800 square kilometers. It has borders with Georgia in the north, with Azerbaijan in the east and the south-west, with Nagorno-Karabakh Republic in the south-east, with Islamic Republic of Iran in the south and with Turkey in the west. Armenia has no sea-border. The official language of the RA is Armenian, which belongs to Indo-European language family and makes up a separate branch. Mesropian alphabet has been used since year 405. The Constitutional type of Armenia is Presidential Republic, the national currency is dram of RA. [...]

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